Paternity Test FAQs
- What is a paternity test used for?
- How accurate is DNA paternity testing?
- How much does a paternity test cost?
- How do I get the testing process started?
- Where do I go to get my specimen collected?
- Can I take a paternity test before the child is born?
- Can you do the DNA test if we are living in different cities/states/countries?
- How soon can I get my results?
- Are buccal swab samples as accurate as blood samples?
- What’s Chain of Custody?
- How do I interpret the DNA results?
- What’s AABB accreditation?
What is a paternity test used for?Paternity and other family relationship DNA testing results can be used as legal evidence for child support, parental rights, inheritance claims, social benefits, immigration, adoption and other circumstances when proof of blood relationship is required.
How accurate is DNA paternity testing?DNA testing is the most accurate paternity and family relationship testing method currently available. Every person has a unique DNA fingerprint except for identical twins. We all inherit half of our DNA from our biological father and half from our biological mother. DNA testing tries to discover the 50% match between the child’s and the parent’s DNA profiles to prove or disprove the blood relationship. DNA parentage testing is considered to be 100% accurate.
How much does a paternity test cost?A standard legal paternity DNA test (1 child, 1 alleged father and 1 mother – mother’s participation is optional) performed by Universal Genetics costs $395. We are proud to offer the most competitive prices among all DNA testing laboratories with the same credentials including AABB accreditation. Please call 1-800-914-1002 to discuss fees for other DNA tests.
How do I get the testing process started?To get the DNA testing process started, please call 1-800-914-1002 and discuss your testing options with one of our DNA experts. After the right type of DNA test is selected, we will arrange a convenient sample collection appointment for you. After we receive all tested parties’ specimens, it takes only 3 to 5 working days to have results.
Where do I go to get my specimen collected?We have a large specimen collection network across the country and around the world. Wherever you are, we will be able to schedule a convenient appointment near your home or workplace. Please call call 1-800-914-1002 to find out a collection site near you.
Can I take a paternity test before the child is born?Yes, you can take a paternity test before the child is born. Universal Genetics offers prenatal DNA paternity testing service to those who wish to find out paternity during pregnancy. An OB-GYN is involved in collecting the baby’s specimen during a period of time that presents the least risks to the fetus and the mother. The testing results are as accurate as a standard paternity test conducted after the child is born.
Can you do the DNA test if we are living in different cities/states/countries?Yes, we can. We routinely perform DNA tests for tested parties living in different places. We have a large specimen collection network in all 50 states and around the world. We can arrange convenient appointments for you at different times and locations.
How soon can I get my results?It takes about 3 to 5 working days for our laboratory to generate your DNA testing results after we receive specimens from ALL tested parties. An expedited testing service that can be completed within 24 hours is available in some situations.
For some special tests such as an immigration DNA test, the longest time is spent on coordinating with the embassies or overseas USCIS field offices to get the tested parties’ specimens collected.
Are buccal swab samples as accurate as blood samples?DNA is the same in almost all cells in our body. Once conceived during reproduction, DNA does not change. Therefore, the type of DNA sample used in the test is not going to affect the results. Our laboratory’s standard samples are buccal swab and blood specimens. We also accept non-standard samples such as organ tissue, hair (with roots), cigarette butts, tooth brushes, and other frequently-used personal items.
What’s Chain of Custody?Chain of custody is the chronological documentation, showing the seizure, custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of evidence. In a legal DNA paternity test, it means proper identification of the tested parties and proper collection and handling of the specimens, all of which is documented. In addition, AABB requires that everyone involved in the testing process from the specimen collector to the DNA analyst be a third party who has no interest in the outcome of the test. Only DNA test results generated following chain-of-custody procedures are legally admissible and accepted by government agencies and immigration authorities such as USCIS and U. S. embassies.
How do I interpret the DNA results?In a standard paternity test, our laboratory always achieves a 0% probability of paternity if the tested man is not the biological father and a greater than 99.9% probability of paternity if the tested man is the biological father. Both results are conclusive to prove or disprove paternity. You can read our results interpretation page for more details. For interpretation of other DNA tests, please call 1-800-914-1002.
What’s AABB accreditation?AABB (formerly American Associations of Blood Banks) is the regulating organization for the family relationship DNA testing industry. AABB’s family relationship standards and accreditation program is the gold standard for DNA paternity and other kinship testing laboratories. Only DNA results produced by an AABB-accredited laboratory are accepted by a court of law and immigration authorities such as USCIS and U. S. embassies for immigration purposes.
If you have any other questions about DNA testing services, please call 1-800-914-1002.